An Ideal City?

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46 Shortlisted Entries

1 4 7 8 9 10 14
15 16 17 18 20 23 25
27 29 31 34 35 36 37
40 41 42 43 44 47 48
51 52 53 54 57 58 59
60 61 62 63 64 69 70
71 74 76 81     

The Griffins Win

Almost Winners

Louis W Rush (1880–1942)
Alfred H Granger (1867–1939)
William D Hewitt (1847–1924)
Phineas E Paist (1875–1937)

Entry 42
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Rush studied architecture at the University of Pennsylvania, then spent two years in Paris. He began his own practice in 1907 in Philadelphia, and maintained an independent practice until 1932. Many of his commissions were YMCA and YWCA buildings.

Granger studied architecture at Boston Technical Institute (now Massachusetts Institute of Technology). Then he studied in Paris at the Ecole des Beaux Arts, Atelier Pascal and the Académie Julian. He joined William Le Baron Jenney’s Chicago office in 1890, moved to another practice, and began his own practice in Cleveland, Ohio in 1893. He moved to Chicago in 1898. With his partner and brother-in-law Charles Sumner Frost, Granger designed railway stations. He formed a partnership with Hewitt and Paist in Philadelphia in 1910. In 1911 he wrote Charles Follen McKim: A Study of His Life and Work, published in 1913. It dealt with McKim’s work on the Senate Park Commission Plan for Washington in 1902. Granger worked in Chicago until he retired in 1936.

Hewitt graduated in mechanical engineering at the Polytechnic Institute of Philadelphia in 1865. He became a partner in his brother George’s architectural firm, and its head in 1907. Through his service with the American Institute of Architects he gained a thorough knowledge of the plan of Washington.

Paist studied at Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia. He began work in the Philadelphia office of a New York firm and had moved to the Hewitt office by 1900. Then he studied for two years in Paris. Returning to Philadelphia in 1906, he rejoined Hewitt and became a partner in the firm. He set up his own practice in 1915, moved to New York, and then to Miami, where he worked until about 1935.

This attractive and feasible plan strongly resembles Washington, with similar superimposition of major diagonal boulevards over a basic grid system.